Is the National Gallery Film Really a Masterpiece?

One of the pleasures of living in London is the opportunity for frequent visits to the National Gallery. But for those who live elsewhere you need no longer miss out as a new documentary about that institution is now playing at movie theaters on both sides of the Atlantic. And, of course, a movie about such a treasure house of art must be a picture to behold, right? Or, is it a case of the audience being framed?

National Gallery is the work of the veteran filmmaker Frederick Wiseman. It took years to make and is being lauded as a great movie, not least by the film critic of the New York Times who named it as one of the best films of 2014. In fact, the critical reaction has been almost universally positive, and so, for me at least, all seemed set for a cinematic experience that was going to prove quite something—a masterpiece perhaps?

If you are worried about any potential spoilers, rest assured there is no plot. Now, you may rightly respond that: “of course there is no plot, it is a documentary after all.” Not so. Documentary films in the last decades have, at times, eclipsed their fictional counterparts for drama and suspense, poignancy and emotion—and all of it real. Well, “realish,” nothing is really real when a movie camera is stuck in the middle of it. I say all this because this movie was not what I expected, even by the standards of a documentary; not at all.

One senses, whether intentional or not, there is a sense of humor trying to escape in this movie. The only thing is that the real joke here is the idea of “marketing” the National Gallery—as if Leonardo, Titian, Rubens, Caravaggio et al need a marketing campaign. However, it is no doubt something like this that promoted the gallery to let the filmmakers have access in the first place. And I suspect therein lay the problem. There is nothing revelatory about the film, nothing at all. In fact, it is all pretty tame stuff. It’s saying something when the highlight for this viewer came on recognizing a member of the public caught on film.


national_galleryBut, unfortunately, there are few other surprises in this. Curators lecturing the public on a certain painting, and in turn lecturing us. I wouldn’t have minded so much if the camera had stayed on the subject under consideration. But instead it remains with the lecturer, each of whom were knowledgeable enough and animated to a degree, but this is the stuff of radio or a podcast not the big screen. The fact that the same “talking heads” keep popping up again and again began to get more than a bit trying. That said, this does seem to happen when I visit the Gallery. There I stood minding my own business whilst quietly contemplating the work of a master when suddenly that particular gallery is flooded with people accompanied by an “expert,” usually a woman with a high-pitched voice, to “tell us all about it.” The “telling,” I thought, was in the act of looking; needless to say, at that point, I make my excuses and leave. No such luck for the audience of this film, however.

What we have is a sort of “fly on the wall” documentary, only there is not enough “fly” and too many walls, and nothing that reveals anything: behind the scenes or in front of the house. Early on what we do have, however, is a sequence where the Gallery’s director is being bombarded by his marketing person in language that for those of us who don’t work in PR should have been subtitled. It sounded like the nonsense that passes for thought in many of today’s corporate boardrooms with the inevitable look of pain on the Gallery chief’s face speaking volumes. Indeed, it was a “look” that should have been framed.

There was a point when we were taken behind the scenes of the Gallery’s restoration department. For those of us that know nothing about this process, it was an exciting prospect given the cloak of mystery wrapped around the arcane rituals practiced there. We saw some of the restorers at work. I was looking forward to being enlightened and at last set free from my ignorance. Alas, by the end I was more baffled than when I had started watching, especially when the person in charge of that department told a visiting group that restoration was most definitely NOT about restoring a masterpiece to its original state. Really? I thought that’s exactly what it was—the clue being in the word “restoration.” When he went on to talk about “interpretation” and other such matters as being “key,” I realized what a fool I had been all these years. Still, as I say, I was confused—still am.

Confusing too was the structure of the film. It felt more like television movie, only not as well done. As already noted, not quite “fly on the wall” but not much else: no visitor was interviewed, and no one spoke very much other than the aforementioned gallery art historians, and the PR woman. (She reappears, bringing a smile to the lips even if her words were, to me at least, still unintelligible.) There are shots of the exterior, over and over, night and day, hardly the stuff of big screen documentary filmmaking, and especially so when it was the same shot—the front of the Gallery on Trafalgar Square. There were shots of the interior too: some with people, some without. To be honest, I can get all that by taking a walk down there tomorrow.

In short, there was nothing revelatory, nothing at all: a blank canvas, in fact. I hoped that I was going to learn something about the paintings as much as anything. I didn’t. I did learn the Gallery’s PR department is full of energy “going forwards.” I learned that now they have people who play piano in the middle of the gallery; that they have a ballet performance of sorts there too, and a poet who discoursed at length on her poetry about a particular artwork with the camera locked on her more than the source of the inspiration—as to why all this was here, in the gallery let alone the movie, was never explained; nor, for that matter, the reason why so much screen time was devoted to it.

And talking of timeless pieces of art, at nearly three hours running time, this movie is way too long. Sadly, even at that length, in the end, I was none the wiser about the treasures held in the gallery, but perhaps I was expecting too much. I mean when you think about the centuries of paintings hanging on its walls—each one as unforgettable as it is unique—then what was any film going to do for that?

There were touching moments: an art appreciation class for the blind; the look of contemplation of members of the public who came in all shapes and sizes; the way the camera caught the moment of transformation when the eyes of the beholder were held by a work of art that had been doing just that, in some cases, for centuries. The real power of what is hung on the walls of the National Gallery was lost, however, in this cinematic jumble of images and noises. In fact, when, at last, the screen did fall silent, and the camera focused on a painting, then something of the magic of the place began to seep in, but it was only momentary. We were soon back to the “noise.”

The movie is not classified; however, there is footage of classes sketching nudes (both male and female). As with those attending the class, nothing is left to the imagination of the viewer, but it is all anatomical, and inadvertently funny when an ill at ease female class tutor nervously tries to tell a class member, one sat drawing a fully naked man, how ‘liberating’ it all is—all very British. The sole thing the addition of these classes in the finished film reveal is that the central heating system at the National Gallery is also world class.

Would I recommend it? For those within striking distance of the National Gallery, or for those planning a trip to London in the near future, then please just visit the gallery. Not only is it something you won’t regret, its free! For those who are destined never to do either then it might be of interest, but consider the video rather than the big screen as then you can fast forward through the “blue skies thinking.”

The movie’s final shot is a self-portrait of an elderly Rembrandt. He stares out at the viewer with a weary look of disappointment. Believe me, having sat through this film I knew just how he felt.

K. V. Turley


K.V. Turley is the National Catholic Register’s U.K. correspondent. He writes from London.

Crisis Magazine Comments Policy

This is a Catholic forum. As such:

  1. All comments must directly address the article. “I tell you, on the day of judgment men will render account for every careless word they utter.” (Matthew 12:36)
  2. No profanity, ad hominems, hot tempers, or racial or religious invectives. “And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you.” (Ephesians 4:32)
  3. We will not tolerate heresy, calumny, or attacks upon our Holy Mother Church or Holy Father. “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it.” (Matthew 16:18)
  4. Keep it brief. No lengthy rants or block quotes. “For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes.” (James 4:14)
  5. If you see a comment that doesn’t meet our standards, please flag it so a moderator may remove it. “Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness.” (Galatians 6:1)
  6. All comments may be removed at the moderators’ discretion. “But of that day and hour no one knows…” (Matthew 24:36)
  7. Crisis isn’t responsible for the content of the comments box. Comments do not represent the views of Crisis magazine, its editors, authors, or publishers. “Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of God… So each of us shall give account of himself to God.” (Romans 14:10, 12)