The Greatest English Teacher


The Rev. John Becker, S.J., sat at the front of the classroom, paperback in hand,  glasses pushed to the end of his nose. As he spoke, he looked intently from one student to another.

“This semester, I am going to teach you how to read King Lear,” he said. “It may be Shakespeare’s most difficult play. But it has a powerful message to tell.”

When we were done reading Lear, the priest promised, we would not only understand it, but we would have learned the secret of understanding any thing written in English — anything, that is, with a meaning to discern.

And we would love Shakespeare.

At the time, I don’t think any of us understood what Father Becker meant. But the things he started teaching us that day made him the greatest English teacher I ever had.

That was in 1974 at Saint Ignatius, the all-boys Jesuit high school in San Francisco.

For several weeks, Father Becker sat patiently with our class as we read King Lear, line by line  — out loud. Whenever we came to a word or phrase he suspected we did not understand, he would look with mock ferocity at one student and jovially ask another on the other side of the room to explain what it meant.

When it was clear no one knew, we would look it up in the glossary. Father would then pick someone to read the definition out loud. Then we would read — again — the line where the troublesome word had been found.

Reading King Lear like this was tedious — at first.

But as we read deeper into the play — then moved on to Hamlet and Macbeth — we needed to stop and start and visit the glossary less frequently. But we appreciated the need for doing so more. We discovered Father Becker was right. The more we understood Shakespeare’s plays, the more we loved them. Our hard work and attention to detail was rewarded with the ability to detect, understand and appreciate even the subtle nuances of the greatest works of literature ever written.

Then there was the memorization and recitation. At first this, too, we faced with dread.

Father gave us a quota of lines from each play. Each student could choose which ones to memorize and when to recite them. But by the end of the semester, each was responsible for completing his share.
By the time everyone had recited their quota, it was possible Father Becker’s students were as familiar with the most popular lines from that semester’s Shakespeare play as from the latest Grateful Dead or Eagles album.

Then there was the continuous writing and rewriting. Father made us write one essay per week. He gave us some freedom in choosing a topic, but no freedom from the rules of grammar. He often returned a graded paper with a neat “A/F” inscribed at the top. The “A” was for the merits he thought he detected in your creativity or thought. The “F” was for mangling English.

Father Becker did not give these “Fs” arbitrarily. Using a red pen, he meticulously marked every mistake with a code — “A61,” D128,” “H53.” Each referred to a specific rule in the Writing Handbook — a clear, systematic and exhaustive 592-page text published in 1953 by two Jesuits. A student with an “A/F” needed to look up each rule he had broken and rewrite the paper to correct the errors. Father Becker would then change his grade to an “A/A.”

This, too, I found incredibly tedious. But then I went to college.

Father Becker was one of the teachers who recommended me to Princeton. I was accepted. I read more Shakespeare — and Chaucer and Pope. I earned a degree in English literature. I became a professional writer and editor. Along the way, I had the opportunity to learn from many great English teachers. Yet, as time passed, I more deeply appreciated the teaching of Father Becker.

At St. Ignatius — in Father Becker’s class and all others — we wrote the letters AMDG at the top of our papers. They stand for “Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam” —  to the Greater Glory of God. These are the strategic watchwords of the Jesuit order: Everything ultimately must serve this purpose.

Father Becker taught us that Shakespeare was great not only because of the power and wit and poetry in his language but because his plays truly served the greater glory of God. They helped readers see good and evil and the consequences of choosing one over the other.

Father Becker also taught by example. He had the skills to succeed in many lucrative professions. But he took a vow of poverty and spent five decades as a good and faithful priest teaching boys to become strong and confident Christian men in an increasingly secular world.

In his later years, Father Becker published two mystery novels, while a third was published posthumously after he died three years ago. The hero, Father Luke Wolfe, teaches English at a Jesuit high school and spends his spare time at abortion clinics  —  praying the Rosary.

In one novel, the fictional Wolfe gives a presentation to parents describing how he hopes to “help their sons become professional in their reading and writing and speaking” through the “analyzing of Shakespeare’s tragedies — line by line.”

A front page of this novel is inscribed: AMDG.


Terence Jeffrey


Terence P. Jeffrey started as editor in chief of in September 2007. Prior to that, he served for more than a decade as editor of Human Events, where he is now an editor at large.

  • Deacon Ed Peitler

    It makes me nostalgic for the bygone era of my youth. I never held back from oft-repeating to my sons: “possessive case before the gerund.”

    • Sarto

      The man who moved me toward my writing and speaking career was also a priest: Fr. William McDougall, who taught freshmen at Judge Memorial Highschool, in Salt Lake City. A journalist, he had been a prisoner the Japanese during WWII and I am sure we were tougher on him than the Japanese ever were. He wasn’t so strong on the fine points of language. What he taught me was the importance of a soaring idea and the need to share it with others. I don’t know what his politics were, but as I tried to follow his path, I discovered that there was so little poetry and imagination in the conservative side of things. The liberals, too, have let me down. What we need is the impossible vision of the great radicals–like Jesus of Nazareth.

    • Bede

      See the entry, “possessive with gerund” in Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage. While it is a useful general rule, there are legitimate instances when the possessive might not be used (depending on the intended meaning).

  • Thomas C. Coleman, Jr.

    why must even lieterature be connected with the plitics of the last several centuries? Why must modern people insist on putting artists and their creations into ideological categories that did not exist in the Bards era? Ami I the only one who feels uncomfartable assinging the word “radical” to the Second Person of the Trinity, as if He were Woody Guthie or theodore Dreyser? Yes, I know that is not what Dr. Jeffrrey’s excellent article was about. My favorite English prof was Dr. Frank Sullivan at Loyola University of LA (now called Loyola Marymoundt U.) Now there was a man who could make you love literature!

  • Perry McDowell

    Fr. Becker was gone by the time that I got to SI (class of ’84), but we had our own version in Fr. John Murphy, S.J. Although he had used some different techniques, he too managed to push us to understand literature and write clearly and concisely.

    Fr. Murphy was also a superb example of the type of man that his students should strive to be. His compassion, integrity and will are still today some of the ideals I struggle to live up to in daily life.

  • Tony Esolen

    The man who introduced me to the inner workings of poetry was a professor I took two courses from when I was in high school — a man named Francis Xavier Jordan. Now there’s an Irishman! He taught us what Hopkins was doing in poems like Hurrahing in Harvest and Spring and Fall … But he didn’t have to teach me my grammar. That happened in sixth grade, with Sister Carmene. She taught it from her head — no textbook. There probably wasn’t any adequate textbook by then. We learned about gerunds and participles, adjectival clauses and noun clauses and adverbial clauses, coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions, predicate nominatives, the subjunctive mood, and so on … So when I arrived in high school German and Latin classes, I was stunned to learn that the kids from my school were the only ones who knew any grammar at all. Now my college students know no grammar … none.

    • Deacon Ed Peitler

      I forgot to mention that my sons, who were admonished about their gerunds (in addition to their uneaten peas), were wont to stare vacantly at me, shrug their shoulders and walk away mumbling something like, “you know Dad; he went to one of the Cat’lick schools.”

  • Thank you so much for this! I, too, have been blessed to study under one or two English teachers like Fr. Becker who worked me hard, but truly taught me the beauty of language and literature. This year I am teaching high school composition and literature — and we are reading King Lear. This piece has inspired me to keep moving forward to do everything I can to instill an appreciation of the written word to this generation of young people.

    • Deacon Ed Peitler

      Dust off that 1953 Writing Handbook!