China’s “Superior” Economic Model?

In a recent piece for The Wall Street Journal, Andy Stern, an Obama insider and one of organized labor’s more aggressive personalities, praised what he called “China’s superior economic model.”

Does China have a superior economic model? That depends: Superior to what?

Mr. Stern, who headed the Service Employees International Union, cited Andy Grove, founder and chairman of Intel, who concedes the 20th century’s “decisive victory of free-market principles over planned economies.” That is true. However, both Stern and Grove proceed to assert that some unspecified degree of government economic planning will generate more prosperity than free markets. Stern writes that the “free-market fundamentalist” model that made America prosperous “is being thrown onto the trash heap of history in the 21st century.” He argues that we should jettison our “empirically failing free-market extremism.”

Really? Pardon my candor, but what planet does Mr. Stern inhabit? For something to be “empirically failing,” it must first exist. Where in America is this supposed extreme “free market” system that Stern disdains?

In the United States today, government has largely nationalized the home mortgage market; cartelized the financial system; partially commandeered the auto industry; begun to take over the energy industry; plays the dominant role in the retirement, education, and health care of most Americans; has a leviathan bureaucracy that does everything from shutting down the development of domestic energy, to telling corporations which states they can operate in, to blowing taxpayers’ money on boondoggles. As for the boondoggles, they are both great (ethanol and solar energy) and small ($2.6 million to study whether alcohol increases a Chinese prostitute’s chances of contracting AIDS).

That said, I share Mr. Stern’s dissatisfaction with our sluggish economic growth, and agree that we should not be too proud to observe and learn from competitors like China. In fact, there are two important lessons we can learn from China right now:

First, China’s impressive economic growth rates prove rather than disprove the need for free markets. While China’s leaders dictate certain economic priorities and parameters, and insist upon loyalty to the Communist Party’s political monopoly, they often practice a policy of benign neglect toward provincial and regional entrepreneurs, giving them considerable latitude in a free-wheeling, Wild West scramble to find ways to create as much wealth as they can.

A second important lesson from the Chinese, and one that helps to explain why their growth rate is higher than ours, is that we are drowning in debt while they are awash in savings.

Before we jump to the conclusion that China’s economic model is the way of the future, we should remember that we have heard similar projections before. In the late 1980s, commentators raved about the Japanese economic model. Predictions abounded that the Japanese economy was so powerful and unstoppable that it would soon surpass our own and be the wealthiest in the world. Like the Chinese state today, the Japanese government worked closely with businesses to forge an industrial policy that (allegedly) would prove far superior to a free-market model. Then the wheels fell off and the bubble burst. Since then, Japan has struggled with economic stagnation and malaise.

China, of course, has a much larger population than Japan, and it certainly is possible that it eventually will have the largest GDP in the world, but to the extent that the Chinese government calls the economic shots and tries to pick winners and losers, China runs the risk of ending up like every other country (including our own) that has squelched free markets—broke and stagnant.

It is ironic that the former head of a major American labor union is enamored with a political system and economic model in which workers earn low wages and are not represented by independent labor unions. The precarious state of individual rights and liberty in China doesn’t seem a great concern to Andy Stern. Instead, he is eager to sign on to a system which (according to Professor Ralph Reiland in an Investor’s Business Daily commentary) enables the sons of China’s top Communist Party leaders to buy $400,000 Ferraris and $32-million mansions.

China’s hard-working people and high savings rate are impelling China’s rapid economic development, and for that China deserves our respect. But the political system of crony capitalism run by the Chinese politburo is antidemocratic and elitist to the core. For Andy Stern to claim that such a model is superior to freedom and free enterprise … well, you can draw your own conclusions.

Mark W. Hendrickson


Dr. Mark W. Hendrickson is an adjunct faculty member, economist, and fellow for economic and social policy with The Center for Vision & Values at Grove City College.

  • Rev Mr Flapatap

    China’s economic model also relies on lax environmental and worker safety oversight. I’d be interested to see if Mr. Stern is willing to put his money where his mouth is and aggressively demand the same working conditions and salaries Chinese workers currently have for his SEIU brethren.

  • paris-dakar

    It’s no accident that crony establishment figures like Tom Friedman and public sector union bosses love the PRC – their economic models and worldview ultimately require the support of the coercive power of the state to sustain it in power.

  • G.

    China is the butt of jokes for piracy, knockoffs, poor quality, dangerous toys, and adulterated food.

    There is also the staggering human cost of how China has gotten where it is, treating its people as disposable means to an end.

    Not the “model” I’d be looking to follow for American manufacturing or, for that matter, labor rights.

  • Sarto

    Of course U.S. business have gone galloping to China precisely because of the way it operates, beginning with Walmart. Everybody is hand in glove. The whole thing is one interconnected moral sump.

  • No OSHA. No Social Security. No medical insurance, private or gummint. No unemployment comp. No workers’ comp. No EEOC. No FLSA. No Medicare/Medicaid.

    Other than that,….it’s the ideal system.

    • Sarto

      Now that is a Republican paradise if ever I heard of one. Crisis must be salivating at your description of the ideal socio/economic system.

      • paris-dakar

        LOL, it’s Liberal Democrats like Tom Friedman and SEIU who are praising Red China. But don’t let that stop you from your tendentious nonsense.

  • John Miller

    Mr Hendrickson is on point when mentioning our propensity for debt versus China’s practice of savings. It does not help the situation that we owe China so much money. Debt is leverage and creates a slave mentality. In short Americans are little more than sharecroppers in the world today. We own nothing. Our debt is so problematic on so many levels that it is highly unlikely we shall ever recover from it. The interest alone could bancrupt us. Republicans like to blame the left for all of our ills. In economical matters however, it remains the right’s obfascist imperialism