Film: The Sloth Aquatic

Time was when well-paid Communist screenwriters used to get together at Hollywood cocktail parties and chuckle over their pink martinis about the pro-Soviet lines they’d contrived to tuck into the scripts of otherwise innocuous films. Don’t take my word for it—read Radical Hollywood: The Untold Story Behind America’s Movies, by Paul Buhle and Dave Wagner, a pair of left-wing historians who tell the tale with unabashed glee.

Alas, such painfully earnest Hollywood Reds as Abraham Polonsky and Dalton Trumbo rarely failed to make painfully earnest movies on the infrequent occasions, both before the blacklist (Body and Soul) and after (Lonely Are the Brave), when they were left to their own creative devices. Hidden agendas almost always make for deadly dull art. Nowadays, most politically conscious screenwriters feel free to pin their agendas on their lapels, since pretty much everyone in Hollywood, Blue America’s company town par excellence, feels the same way about everything.

Even a nominal dissenter such as Clint Eastwood is like as not to slip you a hard left to the low midsection when you’re looking the other way. Million Dollar Baby, Eastwood’s latest, starts off as a feel-good boxing flick and ends up as a slickly appointed, tacitly anti-Catholic public-service announcement hawking the joys of euthanasia, one of the cultural Left’s nastier enthusiasms. (Has there ever been a safer Oscar prospect?)

As for Bill Condon’s Kinsey, I’ll say only that despite its maker’s best efforts to soften the weirdly jagged edges of the author of Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, this biopic is likely to have the inverse effect on anyone not already unalterably committed to the proposition that Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey was a great, great man. Even if you don’t know going in that Kinsey was an incompetent statistician whose “data” on human sexuality were hopelessly compromised by a combination of methodological incompetence and wishful thinking (an awkward fact that Condon understandably prefers to overlook), you’ll come away from Kinsey shaking your head at the extent to which the good doctor’s Institute for Sex Research deteriorated into a university-based, foundation-funded, small-scale sex cult (and in the middle of Indiana, no less!). That’s the trouble with agenda-driven movies: As anyone acquainted with the law of unintended consequences can tell you, they sometimes have a funny way of backfiring on their makers.

So what’s to like this month, other than Laura Linney’s pitch-perfect performance as the long-suffering Mrs. Kinsey? The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, that’s what. Wes Anderson’s latest film, like Rushmore and The Royal Tenenbaums before it, is both distractingly quirky and more than a little bit precious, but beneath its clever-clever surface you’ll find real intelligence—and real feeling. It is, in fact, a deeply serious film disguised as a parody, though I can’t see how anyone but a critic could fail to get the point. The most immediate and unlikely object of Anderson’s satire is, of all people, Jacques Cousteau. Steve Zissou (Bill Murray) is a middle-aged oceanographer-filmmaker-celebrity for whom the living is no longer easy. His increasingly dull documentaries have fallen from favor with moviegoers, and Oseary Drakoulias (Michael Gambon), his slightly crooked producer, is unable to raise the money for him to make another. Worse yet, Eleanor (Anjelica Huston), Zissou’s wealthy, blase wife, is on the verge of leaving him for his hated rival Alistair Hennessey (Jeff Goldblum). His once-settled life, in short, is on the verge of unraveling. Then Ned Plimpton (Owen Wilson), a clean-cut young airline pilot, shows up without warning on his doorstep, claiming to be his long-lost illegitimate son, with Jane Winslett-Richardson (Cate Blanchett), a pregnant British journalist whose mission is to expose Zissou as an over-the-hill hack, arriving on the very next boat…

In addition to this scrambled gumbo of deliberately familiar plot devices, Anderson and co-screenwriter Noah Baumbach (Kicking and Screaming) have upped the satirical ante yet another notch by casting The Life Aquatic as something closely resembling a Spinal Tap—style “mockumentary,” albeit with a twist: Zissou and the crew of his ship, the Belafonte, are themselves in the process of making a movie about their daily lives. Hence The Life Aquatic is a doubly self-reflexive exercise in postmodernism, a real film about a nonexistent one.

Regular readers of this column don’t need to be reminded that I loathe postmodernism. The difference is that Anderson has here enlisted postmodern irony in the service of underscoring a quintessentially postmodern problem: the way in which postmodern man uses irony to insulate himself from feeling. As we learn in the course of The Life Aquatic, Zissou was once an idealistic young man who loved the sea for its own sake; then he chose to use it as a means to fame and fortune, and his love curdled and grew sour. By trading cynically on his youthful passion, Zissou has lost touch with his inner life. Not only does he now make voyages solely in order to film them, but he lives for the same reason: Everything he does is fodder for his movies. Hence the boredom bordering on paralysis that has him in its grip, which is, as any proper theologian will instantly recognize, a classic symptom of accidie, the deadly sin of spiritual sloth.

It makes perfect sense that Anderson has chosen Bill Murray to play Zissou. Though his acting is narrowly limited in range, Murray is a kind of comic genius when it comes to embodying accidie on screen. Twice before, in Groundhog Day and Lost in Translation, he has played terminally disillusioned characters whose souls are deadened by sloth, and done it brilliantly. He does the same thing—no less brilliantly—in The Life Aquatic, playing a contemporary cynic whose feelings are so thickly encased in a shell of irony that it’s depressing just to look at him. Everyone else in The Life Aquatic is cunningly cast (especially the amazing Cate Blanchett, that best of all possible actress-chameleons), but it’s Murray’s performance that is the film’s moral center. Is he too deeply mired in sloth to be resurrected by the prospect of love? Though we laugh at his deliciously exaggerated ennui, we still want to know the answer—and hope against hope that it’s the right one.

Part of what makes The Life Aquatic so interesting is that it, too, embodies in a larger way the problem faced by Zissou, whose dark night of the soul is so carefully wrapped in multiple layers of irony and whimsy that you catch yourself wondering whether Anderson might suffer from a touch of the same spiritual disorder as does his character. The virtuosity with which Anderson spoofs so many different varieties of cinematic triteness is marvelous to behold, but it’s also a way of avoiding the need to be unequivocal about the spiritual point he so clearly wishes to make. Yet for all its slippery indirection, The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou still manages to get its point across, not only subtly but with a smile. I’ll take postmodern subtlety over political point-making any day of the week.

Terry Teachout

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Terry Teachout is the drama critic of The Wall Street Journal, culture critic of Commentary, and the author of books on Louis Armstrong, H.L. Mencken, and George Banchine.

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