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    The Rich, Not States, are Called to Help Others

    by Anthony Esolen

    At the end of part eight in this series, I observed that Pope Leo XIII lays a heavy obligation upon the rich.  What is that obligation?  Who are the rich? Like Thomas Aquinas, whom he admired so well, Leo is…

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    The Modern State Causes the Problems it Pretends to Fix

    by Anthony Esolen

    Pope Leo XIII affirms that a well governed State will promote the material and moral prosperity of its citizens, will honor private property and free association, and will protect the poor from abuse or depredation by the rich. How to…

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    Liberalism Brings Slavery When It Confuses License with Liberty

    by Anthony Esolen

    In my latest essays I’ve noted that there cannot be a “social teaching” unless we know what a society is.  Pope Leo XIII, in his many social encyclicals, expresses the constant wisdom of the Church when he affirms the reality…

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