The Avengers…From a Theological Perspective

avengers

The Avengers, who some are saying is the best “Super-Hero” movie of all time, shattered the box-office on its opening weekend.  It is a highly entertaining, action packed, funny movie that brings together some hi-profile actors and some legendary comic-book characters.

The movies premise, as with most “Super-Hero” films, is global domination by a dark villain.  What makes it unique is not only it’s depth of characters and depth in 3-D, but it’s depth in meaning.  The movie is most meaningful in dealing with the redemption of the characters, the effect that redemption has on the entire world, and the community that is formed.

Nick Fury, played by the inimitable Samuel L. Jackson, draws from a team of absolute “misfits” to help save the world from Loki and his army.  The movie begins with the voice of Nick Fury narrating: “And there came a day, a day unlike any other… when Earth’s mightiest heroes found themselves united against a common threat… to fight the foes no single superhero could withstand… on that day, The Avengers were born.”

When the actors were interviewed on the set last summer, almost every one of them said the defining thing about their character is that he or she is “desperately lonely.”  Scarlett Johansson who plays the black widow admits: “Yeah, we all have a little bit of trauma.”  Chris Evan’s who plays Captain America affirms that “Everyone has their own baggage, and that’s why it was an uphill battle to try to marry the conflict of all these individual characters.”

Tony Stark, Robert Downey Jr.’s always hilarious and sarcastic character, enters into a dialogue with Loki warning him of their team: “The Avengers. It’s what we call ourselves, sort of like a team. “Earth’s Mightiest Heroes” type thing…  Yeah, takes us a while to get any traction, I’ll give you that one but, let’s do a head count here. Your brother, the demi-god; a super soldier, a living legend who kind of lives up to the legend; a man with breath-taking anger management issues; a couple of master assassins, and YOU, big fella…”  The Avengers, much like the Christian community, is nothing more nothing less than a group of saints and sinners.

The set-up is the classic scape goat theory… with Loki as the scapegoat who if killed will bring peace.  However, as is true in our plan of redemption, what ultimately brings people together is not the common enemy, but the redemption of each individual heart, the way that one conversion can impact many others, the healing that takes place in community which brings about the salvation of the world.

Redemption of the Character

As Tony Stark so succinctly put it each hero embodies great potential but the reality is it does take them a while to get any traction.  Conversion is a process and often a life-long one.  Before they are brought together in community their powers are unwieldy.  They are each very broken individuals.  Iron Man’s narcissism keeps him from any real intimacy with love interest Pepper Potts.  Thor is constantly fearful of his power to call down the lightning.  Captain America is still living in World War II.  Black Widow has very deep stuff going on in her past.  Hawk Eye has become a slave to Loki’s staff and has lost his ability to think for himself.  This leaves us with The Hulk, whose wound is so deep and conversion is most evident.

The Hulk, as compellingly played by Mark Ruffalo, is a man at war with himself.  In one scene where mass destruction is evident Captain America says to Bruce Banner (Hulk’s alter-ego): “Doc… I think now is the perfect time for you to get angry.”  Bruce replies: “That’s my secret Cap, I’m always angry.”  Isn’t this true for all of us?  Our core sins are always present lurking in the background.  He alludes more and more to this throughout the movie of what he describes as his “other self.”  This phrase is actually used!  It’s straight out of Saint Paul and so often referenced by the mystics.

St. Francis de Sales once gave the following advice to an aspiring nun: “My dear daughter, stir up your courage, arm yourself with the patience we should have toward ourselves. Often rouse your heart so that it may be rather on guard against a surprise attack; watch out for this other self; wherever you go, you’d do well to be aware of her, for this mean girl goes with you everywhere, and if you aren’t thinking about her she will think up something against you. But when she happens to attack you suddenly, even if she causes you to totter and stumble, don’t be upset; instead, call out to our Lord and our Lady. They will reach out a blessed helping hand to you, and if they allow you to go on suffering for a while, it will only be in order to have you cry out again more loudly for their help. Don’t be ashamed of all this, my dear daughter, any more than St. Paul who confesses that there were two men in him—one rebellious toward God, and the other obedient” (Romans 7:15-23).   As with St. Paul, the aspirant, the Hulk and ourselves, we all have this “other self.”

Bruce Banner begins to come to terms with his other self when he and Thor are in the middle of melee “Seeing who is better” and they are interrupted by a fighter jet.  Hulk was beginning to lose it and endanger everyone around him when Thor says to him: “We are not enemies… try to think.”

Thor is giving the same advice that St. Francis gave to the young postulant.  “Try to think… be aware.”  This is a moment of spiritual direction that brings about conversion.  Hulk who has been so ashamed and tormented by his other self is now learning, not simply to bury it, but to allow it to be redeemed and transformed.  In his own personal moment of salvation, it leads to not only the salvation of those around him, but to the salvation of the world.

In the square outside of a concert hall in Germany Loki takes over a crowd.  He threatens and demands that they worship him.  “Kneel before me.  I said… KNEEL! Is not this simpler? Is this not your natural state? It’s the unspoken truth of humanity that you crave subjugation. The bright lure of freedom diminishes your life’s joy in a mad scramble for power. For identity. You were made to be ruled. In the end, you will always kneel.”  An elderly man with a German accent is heard from the fearful, kneeling crowd: “Not to men like you.”  Loki responds: “There are no other men like me.”  The elderly man stands and says with sad strong eyes: “There are always men like you.”

This frail, elderly, weak man stands up and refuses to kneel to a god.  Courage begins to stir and there is a dialogue between Black Widow and Captain America about standing up to Loki.  Black Widow’s alter eagle Natasha says to Captain America’s alter ego Steve Rogers fearfully: “But he’s a god!” Rogers responds confidently and boldly: “Ma’am, there’s only one God, and I’m pretty sure he doesn’t look like that.”  As Saint Paul once declared: “We must obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29).  When we renounce our idols and futile attempts to be God and allow ourselves to be redeemed it will bring about the redemption of many.

The conversion of each character benefits the others

The personal redemption that is happening in each one of them is not solely for their own good, but it is for building up the gifts of the community.

There is a shift in the Avengers when Hulk begins to use his rage for good.  In this buildup there is comic relief when Hulk and Loki are fighting… there is a moment of absolute stillness and Loki declares: “I am a god! I am not going to be bullied by a… [Hulk interrupts, grabbing him by the legs and in classic Hulk style smashes him side to side back and forth leaving him stunned and confused clearly defeated and lying on the ground]… Hulk struts away and mumbles… “Puny god.”  (The theater bursts with laughter).

What seemed to be his greatest weakness and kept him in such shame and isolation had actually been set free through the care and direction of others.  It never would have happened without this team that had been formed.  These vigilantes who were hell bent on destroying themselves and each other had come to know their true selves, accept their weaknesses, and be nurtured to master their vices and shape their virtues.  One by one they all begin to become transformed by the others individual conversions.

Community is formed

Director, Joss Whedon, explains that “The Avengers is about bringing all of these isolated characters into community.  The way to work their problems out is to give themselves to something that matters more… There was an idea to bring together a group of remarkable people so that when we needed them they could fight the battles that we never could… It’s about the idea – which is very old-fashioned – of community, of people working for each other.  That’s gone away.  The Avengers, for me, is about bringing that back.”  Whedon goes on to describe that the characters, who are so ego driven, must “put aside their individual interests and objectives.  The first half of the film is about them trying to fulfill their own goals, and that doesn’t work out too well.  They end up destroying things – and each other.  Any community or family can’t be defined by an individual.  It’s by the actions of the group.”

What is revealed is that in the end, maybe it’s not so much about evil being conquered or being destroyed, but community being formed.  There is conversion of each character and that redemption is not only for their good but benefits the greater good and out of this community is formed.  And here is where we have the moment of truth – it is in that community that redemption is fostered.

Isn’t this what the prophets, mystics, saints and martyrs have proclaimed over the years?  Jesus invites us into this redemptive plan and into the community that is formed around the Eucharist.  Our redemption is found in the love and the support of the community.  Though we may be tempted to hide our weaknesses, dwell isolated in our shame, mask what most disgusts us, it is only when it is brought to light in community that we can be healed.  This healing is not only for ourselves but for the salvation of all.  And the salvation of all is found in the community that is formed around the Altar of our Lord.

By

Fr. Michael J. Denk was ordained for the diocese of Cleveland in 2007 and is currently serving his second assignment as Parochial Vicar at St. Joseph in Amherst, OH. A regularly on “Living Bread Radio,” he has written for The Priest and is commissioned to publish the Holy Week Reflections for Homiletics and Pastoral Review. Fr. Denk is devoted to the poor especially in Africa and El Salvador where travels for mission. You can read more of his homilies and reflections at fathermichaeldenk.blogspot.com

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  • Whatarethinking?

     ‘Inimitable’ Samuel L. Jackson? I guess that’s one way to describe him.

    But I believe, hard-core Racist to be  more accurate: “I voted for Barack because he was black. ’Cuz that’s why other folks
    vote for other people — because they look like them,” the actor recently
    told Ebony magazine via Page Six. “That’s American politics, pure and simple. [Obama’s] message didn’t mean [bleep] to me.”

    • http://www.facebook.com/raulfernandez Raúl E. Fernández S.

       I’m sure Father was talking about the actor, not the person.
      Similar to how many of us have a good and bad side (SLJ has his, I have mine, and I’m sure you have yours), his attitude (or racism) can be his, I suppose.

      • http://Fathermichaeldenk.blogspot.com/ Fr. Michael J. Denk

        Regarding Samuel L. Jackson… I didn’t know about that either, also misses the point… The article wasn’t about him either, but Raul makes a good point too, God will work on him as well, maybe that’s one part of him in need of redemption.

    • FerretLE426

      Whataethinking I would argue that Mr. Jackson might be a bigot but racist would be incorrect.  In fact his honesty is refreshing, at least we know what he is thinking.

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  • http://profiles.google.com/liamronan49 Liam Ronan

    Excellent analysis, Father, and most timely too. God bless you and keep up the good work. I benefit greatly from your insights.

  • Barbara Bowman

    I don’t normally go to super-hero-type movies, but your analysis has encouraged me to do so.

  • Flynnb4035

    Thanks, Padre! I’ve been trying to tell my family what this movie was really all about for some time. I’m gonna send ‘em this link…

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  • http://www.facebook.com/raulfernandez Raúl E. Fernández S.

    Thank you Father. An excellent analysis!

  • Gail Finke

    This is an excellent analysis but one thing is missing… The movie’s director, Joss Wheedon, is an atheist. That’s not to say the writers, producers, etc. are atheists, and that is NOT to say this is a atheist movie. It’s a very Christian movie. But the Christian elements — the transformation and redemption of the characters you described so well — have become something audiences in a confused secular world expect. They recognize and respond to these elements, not knowing their source. A Christian can look at a movie like this and see it pointing to Christ without ever saying so, but those who arent’ Christian respond to the Christian underpinnings of our culture and think “that’s the way good people are.” This is both hopeful and a challenge for us as Christians. It means that people already have much of what they need to lay the groundwork for understanding Christ. But as long as they think that, they also think that people will be like that on their own. And the truth is that sacrifice for others is hard, and most people give it up pretty quickly — even Christians. True sacrifice requires faith and grace. In a story like this, grace is symbolized by the special power or quality the characters have, something that is infused in them and that transforms them, sometimes despite themselves. The Avengers are like saints — each different sort of person transformed in his or her own way.

    • http://Fathermichaeldenk.blogspot.com/ Fr. Michael J. Denk

      Gail and HA, ET ALL, thanks for the comments.
      I did not know the director was athiest, but it wasn’t the point of the article. Care to comment about what you thought about the intent of the article?

      Gail, while I understand your seeking the mystery of grace at work I don’t think it was so much with their super power… That is actually kind of like their personality or nature, the grace would be in and through the workings of the community and the redemption of their superpower. The difficult part obviously is that it is a hero movie… So they are probably not going to be praying to Jesus. You do bring up an interesting point with the director being atheist as does HA describing him as a thoughtful enquirer. The Mystery of the Holy Spirit is that truth that the director is seeking. All artists seek truth, goodness, and beauty. We as Christians have the revelation of the source, yet the Spirit goes where it wills and it seems that the director has found some truth though he may be groping in darkness, as St. Paul would say… 

  • HA

    Joss Whedon, (a sort of comic book super-hero himself in the eyes of many of his fans, based on his creation of Buffy-The-Vampire-Slayer, Angel, Firefly, etc.), seems to be, despite his avowed atheism (“I am an atheist and an absurdist and have been for many, many years”), one of the entertainment industry’s more thoughtful inquirers into what makes life meaningful, in the sense that he doesn’t start with the supposition that he is superior to those benighted enough to believe differently. I hope atheists will always be able to say the same of me.
    O: Is there a God?
    Joss Whedon: No.
     
    O: That’s it, end of story, no?
     
    JW: Absolutely not. That’s a very important and necessary thing to learn.
     
    In another interview, he articulates the notion that nothing in life matters, but that our actions do. I’m not sure what to make of that – I suppose that’s where the absurdist part comes in — but then, I similarly doubt I’d be able to get him to take seriously the notion that an omnipotent God dispenses justice and meaning in a universe that still manages to remain largely void of both.

  • Guest

    Gail and HA, ET ALL, thanks for the comments.

    I did not know the director was athiest, but it wasn’t the point of the article. Care to comment about what you thought about the intent of the article?

    I disagree that grace in this movie is a special power that they have… That is actually kind of like their personality or nature, the grace would be in and through the workings of the community. The difficult part obviously is that it is a hero movie… So they are probably not going to be praying to Jesus. You do bring up an interesting point with the director being atheist as does HA describing him as a thoughtful enquirer. Tje Mystery of the Hoky Spirit is that truth that the director is seeking. All artists seek truth, goodness, and beauty. We as Christians have the revelation of the source, yet the Spirit goes where it wills and

  • Guest

    Regarding Samuel L. Jackson… I didn’t know about that either, also misses the point… The article wasn’t about him either, but Raul makes a good point too, God will work on him as well, maybe that’s one part of him in need of redemption.

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